Causes of hair loss in women


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Hair loss in women can be both pathological and physiological. In the pathological process of hair loss, uniform uniformity or complete absence of hair (baldness) in a certain area of ​​the head is possible. Common causes of hair loss in women are:

  • infectious diseases
  • improper hair care
  • lack of microelements and vitamins
  • diet for weight loss
  • hormonal disorders
  • hereditary factor
  • taking certain medicines
  • stress

Elimination of some of these factors helps normalize growth and restore lost hair. Therefore, it is very important for the effectiveness of the treatment of baldness to correctly identify the provoking factors that caused hair loss, this allows us to make a number of modern methods of examining a woman - a trichogram of hair, spectral analysis of the hair, the study of the hormonal background, a blood test. As a result of the diagnosis, the trichologist will determine the type of the disease and prescribe an individual course of therapy.

A person every day there is a natural loss of an average of 60 to 100 hairs. And the balance of newly growing and dropping hair is about the same. However, when there are provoking factors, hair loss is intense, leading to alopecia.

When there is a significant thinning of hair, the cause should be sought 3 months earlier. Why? The natural life cycle of the hair is on average 2-7 years, after which the hair is prepared for removal within 2-3 weeks, and within 3-4 months the phase of loss occurs.

Diagnostic methods for hair loss in women

The causes of severe hair loss in women, unlike men's alopecia are not so simple, since 90% of men suffer from hair loss due to a hereditary factor. And female hair loss or excessive hair loss is caused by a variety of circumstances and body conditions.

To identify this, it is possible to conduct the following diagnostic tests, which will allow us to determine the main triggering factor by an exclusion method:

  • Hormonal background - luteinizing and follicle-stimulating hormones, androstenedione, prolactin , DHEA, testosterone
  • Thyroid hormones - T4, T3, TTG
  • General blood analysis
  • Total iron-binding capacity, iron and ferritin in the blood
  • Test for syphilis
  • Densitometry - determines even the smallest changes in the optical density of hair
  • Scalp biopsy - examination of the scalp (diameter 4 mm) under a microscope
  • Extension is a method of determining whether there is an increased loss of hair, in which the expert carefully pulls out a hair bundle (100 pieces), in the normal state, 1-3 hair extends, more than 3 is considered an increased loss.

The main factors affecting excessive hair loss

There are several reasons for hair loss, however, the most frequent of them is androgenic alopecia (see causes and methods of treatment ).

Pregnancy and postpartum period

When Причины выпадения волос у женщин pregnancy nutrients, vitamins, microelements, the body distributes in favor of the child for its full growth and development. And their lack is reflected on a condition of a skin, fingernails or nails and hair of the woman. When the child was born, the female organism undergoes hormonal reorganization, which can become one of the causes of hair loss. Moreover, not many women in the first year of life have child care assistants, and fatigue, chronic fatigue, sleepless nights can contribute to a general deterioration in health, which affects the condition of hair, nails, and skin.

Polycystic ovary

In the presence of polycystosis in a woman, there is a violation of the function of the ovaries (the main sexual glands) and there is an insufficient production of female sex hormones - estrogens. Therefore, in the body, male sex hormones begin to predominate, and an excess of testosterone can cause excessive hair loss.

Lack of iron in the body (anemia)

Since women experience monthly blood loss during menstruation, they often suffer from iron deficiency anemia, the clinical signs of which can be manifested by the deterioration of the condition of the hair, skin, and nails. Rigid diets for weight loss, vegetarianism , excessive physical activity can lead to the development of anemia and as a consequence to hair loss (see iron preparations for anemia ).

Hypothyroidism - the cause of hair loss

With a decrease in thyroid function ( hypothyroidism ), the hair becomes thinner, becomes more brittle, and falls more intensively. In addition, women are disrupted by the menstrual cycle, there is increased fatigue, weakness, the skin becomes drier. If such symptoms occur, you should consult an endocrinologist and undergo a complete thyroid examination.

Fungal diseases of scalp

Fungal diseases lead to nest alopecia, when exposure to pathogenic fungi leads to damage to the hair follicles. In the course of time, on the scalp, there are rounded areas devoid of hair, since the mycelium deprives the hair of nutrients and in these places the hair no longer grows. The antifungal medications prescribed by the doctor in tablets, as well as the use of various shampoos and ointments to treat them, help in the fight against fungal agents.

Stressful situations

Nervous diseases, disorders of the autonomic nervous system ( vegetative-vascular dystonia ), constant stresses lead to narrowing of the vessels - this is also one of the causes of hair loss in both men and women, as the nutrition of the hair follicle worsens.

Chronic diseases of the body

Any chronic or systemic diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, see lupus erythematosus - symptoms ), poisoning, intoxications, endocrine disorders, infectious diseases (tuberculosis, pneumonia), as well as syphilis or polycystic ovaries provoke intense hair loss. Usually, in addition to aesthetic discomfort, there are other symptoms, malaise, disturbances in the body. Therefore, a woman must necessarily undergo a comprehensive examination and determine the cause of a sharp hair loss, since without eliminating the internal causes of alopecia, most external methods of treating hair loss will be ineffective.

Some drugs have such a side effect

There are about a hundred of such medicines, especially long-term therapy with such drugs - hormonal preparations, oral contraceptives , antidepressants , aspirin, laxatives , etc., have a negative effect on the hair condition.

Treatment of oncology (irradiation, chemotherapy) causes anagenic alopecia. Care should be given to various means for weight loss (correction of the figure), some of them have a laxative effect, which reduces the absorption of trace elements, vitamins, leading to anemia and vitamin deficiency. And also they can contain selenium and salts of heavy metals, which leads to chronic poisoning and alopecia.

Traumatic and cosmetic causes

To the negative factors affecting the condition of the hair is their trauma and the use of chemical influences. This is a number of mechanical damages:

  • African pigtails, dreadlocks, horse tight tail, special styling for complex hairstyles, hair extensions, rough combing, unintentional or intentional (trichotillomania). Hair tension leads to spasm, violation of blood supply to the hair follicles, nutrition decreases, hair is traumatized and hair loss occurs.
  • Chemical procedures, such as discoloration, hair dyeing or chemical perm, even frequent drying with a hot hair dryer, have an adverse effect and, if misused, can cause hair thinning.
  • Long or constant wearing of hairpieces, wigs, false strands, improper use of hair care products.
Cold, caffeine

In the cold season, you should always wear headwear, as cold, as well as the abuse of caffeine lead to chronic spasm of the vessels of the scalp, causing additional loss of part of the hair.

Cicatricial alopecia

Occurring scar processes on the scalp lead to baldness in women - cicatricial changes on the skin destroy the hair bulb and in this area the hair ceases to grow. This type of hair loss occurs due to skin lesions infections (tuberculosis, leishmaniasis), from thermal burns, radiation damage.

18 comments

  1. When treating hair, a unique effect on the hair is the application of hot oil. Just once a week for 2-3 months try to make a mask of hot oil.

  2. A competent approach, thank you. A year ago I went to a large clinic that promised everyone to restore their hair .. No analysis was done: they looked at the hair under a microscope, said "everything is bad" and prescribed shampoos and self-made lotions for 34000 rub. Need I say that after the "treatment" the problem not only did not go away, but also worsened

    • Similarly. Was at two trihologov, only have made trihogrammu and all - the diagnosis is ready. To save the beauty you need to put in their pharmacy up to 15,000 rubles at the prices of 2017 and 2014. No one even offered to do a blood test for trace elements.

  3. At me mum after oprafii.ey have removed a tumor. Well and it is natural she after this chemotherapy passed or took place. During a chemotherapy in fact Hair drop out. And that's what I wanted to ask. Could it be that If Her Hair falls out and it's Somehow passes to another Man? I just have strong hair at the moment. I do not know what to do! (((Help, what should be done? How to be?

    • What nonsense! Mom did your chemistry, not you. The causes of hair loss - this is only the internal state of the body, it is not transferred and it can not be infected)))

      All the reasons are written in the article, go to the doctor and be examined. First, exclude all negative external influences (ponytails, coloring, etc.), then analyze - perhaps the reason for taking some medicines that you took or take, whether you drink oral contraceptives, etc. Further it is better to begin with examination with a gynecologist and an endocrinologist, as hormonal failures in the body of a woman greatly affect the condition of the hair. Also, serious infectious diseases, such as syphilis, tuberculosis (not only lungs, but also extrapulmonary forms) and many other infectious diseases and intoxications lead to hair loss. Look for the reason listed in the article, since only eliminating the internal causes will stop baldness.

  4. Mohy, of course it can not be, it's not contagious, Irina is right. Try plazmoterapiyu using the endoret technique, the procedure is very effective, I helped, too, the hair fell out heavily.

  5. Mosses, all diseases from nerves. The article says; "When a significant thinning of hair is found, the cause must be sought 3 months earlier." Perhaps you were very worried about your mother, and it later affected your health.

  6. I did not think that there were people who believe in this Lohov's divorce. Better vitamins to drink good and from within the body to strengthen.

  7. Many women that only do not do with their hair and still sticks out. And there are those who shake their three hairs and do not torture them, but they lose their hair anyway. So all these perms and chemistry are secondary causes. If everything is inside, then there is no loss.
    There is another reason - androgenic alopecia, which affects many women and not only the elderly.

  8. Hello. My hair falls out, and it's very strong. There are days when you are afraid even to take a comb in your hands, because I know how many hair will fall out. And drop out basically long hair. I and masks did or made both tablets accepted, and massages everyones .nol. I do not know what to do anymore, she waved her hand. My mother also falls out like this, apparently an inheritance, but I want so much that my hair is thicker so that I do not fall everywhere. Maybe there is someone coped. help me please

    • The same problem, climb heavily. Hair is very spoiled. What just did not drink and what just did not wash. It's very scary to wash my hair, brush my hair. Very hard. Fall already half a year. Now I go to the doctor while I take the tests. After all, hair loss is primarily an internal problem. So something with the body is not in order. At my mum too drop out strongly.

  9. Good evening everyone. Try on 50 ml of cold pressed olive oil 15 drops of tea tree oil (I take NSP), rub twice a week in the scalp 15 minutes with massaging movements, then rinse well. When washing your head, you need to massage your skin carefully, so that the oil does not remain in the hair follicle. I'm so for 1-1.5 months stopped hair loss.

    • If the bulbs are weakened, then such masks only stimulate a strengthened hair shaft. And 1 mask can cause hair to fall out for 2 weeks in a row. All these oils stimulate growth in healthy people. This is about as well as feeding the patient panktheatite with a delicious shish kebab - guaranteed hospitalization in the hospital for the ambulance. It is necessary to restore the vitality of the bulbs from the inside - with vitamins and oils inside (cedar / sea-buckthorn). This is if we are not talking about an androgenic fallout. With him all the masks - like a dead poultice.

  10. My hair started to fall out because of prolonged use of antidepressants. My neurologist advised me to drink Pantogar. I drink a month and the result is super! Hair practically does not drop out, a healthy shine has appeared and at last have started to grow well.

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