Cleansing the liver at home: how to help and not damage the liver

Most of our compatriots, feeling discomfort or soreness on the right under the rib, begin to look for ways that would help clean the liver at home. Especially similar search with the further test of all "people's means" is done by people who understand that they are not following the right way of life, they know about their "love" for "harmful food" and alcohol.

But our body is a smart self-renewing system. The processes of maintaining one's own integrity and the normal functioning of any cell occur every single second, without stopping either in sleep or on vacation. While the body is coping, and there are no symptoms of liver damage (we'll talk about them later), it's not worthwhile hindering it with any kind of folk remedies, whether they are checked many times by the adviser himself. Such "diligence" can be accommodated in a hospital bed and even - using aggressive methods such as celandine treatment - get a ticket for a pathologist's consultation.

We do not say that we do not need to help the liver: this body plays a huge role in our life activity, and when a person is defeated, the person permanently goes out of order. But the best support of the main filter of our body is not the removal of ephemeral "slags", but the creation of optimal conditions for its work. How to cleanse the liver of toxins, what "pitfalls" you can break and why - read further.

About the liver

This body is one of the largest in the body. In its structure, it is a gland, but it does not send the products of its work into the gallbladder, not into the blood, like the endocrine gland of internal secretion.

The liver performs the following functions:

  • Synthesis of proteins. So, it produces:
    • albumin - a protein necessary for keeping the liquid part of the blood in the vessels;
    • proteins that bind different hormones;
    • proteins that bind toxins;
    • globulins. Some of them work together with the immune system, destroying microorganisms, and also memorizing them for faster response when they are secondarily ingested;
    • proteins of the blood coagulation system. Thus, the liver participates in hemostasis: if this function is violated, spontaneous (without trauma) massive bleeding can occur.
  • The conversion of various substances (amino or fatty acids) into glucose, which provides the body with energy.
  • Storage of glucose in the form of glycogen, which in an emergency situation of lack of energy will help to provide it for 1-2 minutes.
  • Deposit of some vitamins needed by the body.
  • Synthesis of cholesterol (it is necessary for any cell to be able to maintain integrity), phospholipids, lipoproteins (read about the normal level of cholesterol in the blood ).
  • Secretion of bile, without which it is impossible to digest fats that come with food.
  • Storage of certain trace elements necessary for biochemical reactions: cobalt, copper, iron.
  • Synthesis of some hormones and enzymes.
  • , то есть обезвреживающая. The main function of the liver is detoxification , that is, detoxifying. So, the liver captures the toxic fat-soluble bilirubin formed as a result of the breakdown of hemoglobin from the spent or lost red blood cells, binds it to glucuronic acid, which makes it water soluble and can be disposed of with feces and urine.

Grabs the liver and other toxic substances, as formed in the body (excess hormones, vitamins, substances that are obtained normally in the process of metabolism), and those that get to us through the mouth, skin, or air. Only rare substances, and those that enter the body, absorbed in the vessels of the mucous membrane or mouth, or nose, can pass the liver in its metabolism. The rest, no matter how they penetrate the body, necessarily pass through this organ.

It turns out that the liver is the largest filter in the body, which - and in this its uniqueness - is able to recover from just one-fourth of the remaining healthy tissue. But it does not work as an industrial filter, whose cells can clog when passing through a "grid" of filtering substances. At the cellular level, the structure of the liver is very complex, and the sieve itself does not resemble. Neutralization occurs with the help of chemical reactions, as a result of which a potentially dangerous substance is modified to non-hazardous. There is another form of neutralization. It is carried out by special immune cells of the liver - reticuloendotheliocytes, which "absorb" and "digest" dangerous and contaminated products of bacteria.

Therefore, to purify the liver of alcohol or other substances should not be some kind of "washing", but rather its blood supply and the absence of the receipt of potentially dangerous substances.

Slag and toxins

The concept of "toxins" in medicine is. This means substances that are potentially dangerous to an individual organ or organism as a whole. Toxicologists call the products of microbial activity, but doctors of other specialties use the same word to designate:

  • means of household and industrial chemistry ;
  • poisons used to kill insects or weeds;
  • medicines;
  • some plants and mushrooms;
  • substances that are formed in the diseased organ themselves (for example, in malignant tumors) or those that it can not disinfect, and they are forced to accumulate. In the case of liver diseases, these are products of protein decay, ammonia, specific neurotransmitters and bilirubin, which poison the brain.

Toxins accumulate in the body, many - only in certain tissues. They are derived in several ways (each has its own way of inference):

  • – с дыханием (этот путь не работает при повреждении печени); through the lungs - with breathing (this way does not work if the liver is damaged);
  • – с мочой (если печень именно поражена, а не временно «отравлена» алкоголем или «вредной» пищей, этот путь – основной, пока не произойдет восстановление печеночной ткани); through the kidneys - with urine (if the liver is affected, and not temporarily "poisoned" with alcohol or "harmful" food, this way is the main one until the hepatic tissue is restored);
  • – с желчью (при временном «оглушении» печени, когда ее структура не повреждается, основными будут этот и следующий пути детоксикации); through the liver - with bile (with temporary "stunning" of the liver, when its structure is not damaged, the main ones will be this and the following ways of detoxification);
  • – с калом; through the intestine - with feces;
  • – с пόтом. through the skin - with the liver.

The term "slag" in medicine is not used. This word is a popular analogue of "toxins". In the liver, neither slags nor toxins accumulate. Here, only fats can be deposited (this is called steatosis or fatty hepatosis ) or copper (in the case of Konovalov-Wilson disease). Toxins, while passing through this organ, lead to either transient (temporary) disturbances of the hepatic tissue, or to permanent damage to its structure.

When the doctor says: "It is necessary to clear the liver of toxins" - this is a figurative expression and means that by joint efforts of the doctor and the patient it is necessary to allow the body to restore its tissue (if there are no rare genetic lesions that will progress, it is quite possible) .

Symptoms of liver damage

If there is a violation of his work, the whole body suffers: the nervous system is affected, metabolism and hemopoiesis are affected, digestion is disrupted, the complexion and whites of the eyes change. Symptoms of what the liver suffers when you need help from a gastroenterologist or infectious disease specialist are: liver cleaning

  • yellow staining only of the eyes or skin proteins;
  • darkened urine, which persists not only in the morning;
  • light (clay color) feces;
  • I always want to sleep;
  • the slightest work tires;
  • weight under the ribs on the right;
  • lost appetite;
  • only sick of mentioning fried or fatty foods.

Many of the symptoms are nonspecific, that is, they can appear in many diseases. To differentiate, that is, to distinguish one from another, only a paramedic or a doctor (a person who has studied the structure and functions of all organs for several years, as well as the symptoms of their defeat) will be able to. And he should not just hear about the manifestations of the disease bothering you, but also examine you, test / percutize the liver, analyze its functions by blood, urine and feces analysis, learn from the physician the functional features of the structure of this body according to ultrasound.

If the doctor is convinced that these are signs of hepatic pathology, inpatient treatment in the appropriate hospital is recommended (independent treatment of liver diseases is fatally dangerous):

  • лекарствами (тетрациклином, салициловой кислотой, вальпроатом, препаратами против СПИДа или против малярии, кордароном, метотрексатом, мышьяком, витамином A), желтым фосфором, грибами – лечение проходит в токсикологическом многопрофильной больницы или отделении гастроэнтерологии; if there was poisoning: medications (tetracycline, salicylic acid, valproate, anti-AIDS or anti-malarial drugs, cordarone, methotrexate, arsenic, vitamin A), yellow phosphorus, fungi - treatment takes place in a toxicological multi-profile hospital or gastroenterology department;
  • , лечение проводится в условиях инфекционной больницы; if viral hepatitis markers are found , treatment is performed in conditions of an infectious hospital;
  • как возможная причина поражения печени, лечение проводится в условиях отделения сосудистой хирургии; if ultrasound with dopplerography revealed vascular pathology as a possible cause of liver damage, treatment is carried out in conditions of separation of vascular surgery;
  • , терапию проводят в ожоговом отделении; when possible causes of liver disease were burns , therapy is carried out in the burn unit;
  • , поражение печени при тепловом ударе или при переохлаждении лечится в терапевтическом отделении многопрофильного стационара. fibrosis, cirrhosis of the liver , Wilson-Konovalov's disease , liver damage with heat stroke or under hypothermia is treated in the therapeutic department of the multi-profile hospital.

What methods can be used to treat a liver in a hospital?

  • или, по-народному, «капельница». Desintoxication infusion therapy, or, in a popular way, a "dropper". Here, 1.5-3 liters of solutions of crystalloids (sodium chloride, Ringer's solution, 5% glucose solution) are poured into the vein, designed to excrete bilirubin and other products formed in the liver lesion in the urine.
  • ( Дюфалак ), задача которой — связывание продуктов распада белка и выведение из кишечника токсинов, которые образуют в нем бактерии, «поднявшие голову» в условиях повреждения печени (до этого их рост подавлялся). The use of lactulose preparations ( Dufalac ), the task of which is the binding of protein decay products and the removal of toxins from the intestine, which form bacteria that "raised their heads" in conditions of liver damage (before that their growth was suppressed).
  • : Атоксил, Активированный уголь, Полисорб . Sorbents : Atoxil, Activated carbon, Polysorb . Their task is to connect all toxic substances to the body from the intestine.
  • Hepatoprotectors : "Heptral", "Glutargin", "Gepa-Merz". Their task is to inactivate the toxic products of nitrogen metabolism.
  • : «Альбумин». Protein preparations, which are administered intravenously : "Albumin". It will bind toxic fat-soluble foods, and, in particular, bilirubin, after which - remove them. Albumin also helps to keep water in the vascular bed.
  • . Transfusion of single-group fresh-frozen plasma . It has all the coagulation factors that are so lacking in liver damage.
  • : «Контрикал», «Гордокс». Proteinase inhibitors : Contrikal, Gordoks. They are used to improve the condition of the blood coagulation system in conditions of its insufficiency.
  • – аппаратный метод очищения плазмы от токсичных продуктов, когда из сосудистого русла изымается некоторое количество крови, ее центрифугируют и возвращают только эритроциты. Plasmapheresis is an apparatus method of plasma purification from toxic products, when a quantity of blood is withdrawn from the vascular bed, it is centrifuged and only red blood cells are returned. Instead of own plasma with a large amount of bilirubin, ammonia, medium molecules, colloidal and crystalloid solutions are poured, as well as a certain amount of single-group plasma.
  • . Antiviral drugs based on interferon . They are used only for viral hepatitis and cirrhosis.
  • . Enema . This measure is necessary for liver damage, if for a day there was no independent chair. Otherwise, a situation may occur that the products formed during processing of food will be absorbed.

The patient is shown protein-free (in acute stage) or a low protein diet. It is necessary that the body ceases to be poisoned by the products of putrefaction of proteins, which the diseased liver is unable to render harmless.

What can be done at home

Diet for liver help

If there are no signs of liver damage, and you just want to help her better cope with such stresses as alcohol and "harmful" fatty foods, you can do the following:

  • Drink at least 2 liters of fluid per day (if there is no pathology of the heart or kidneys). The first 1-2 cups use on an empty stomach, in a cool form.
  • Refuse or reduce the amount of alcohol.
  • Reduce the volume, and then completely refuse fried and smoked products, because they create an increased load on the hepatic tissue, which worsens its detoxification function. A similar rule concerns products with dyes, preservatives and stabilizers.
  • Exclude from the diet chocolate, game, sorrel, green borsch.
  • There are more fresh fruits, vegetables and cereals. Foods rich in fiber should be recycled.
  • Meat and fish - only boiled or baked, low-fat varieties.
  • Eggs - in the form of steam omelettes, but you can have 1 soft-boiled egg.
  • Sour-milk products are all, but low-fat and not sharp. Ideally - self-made yogurt, kefir, yogurt or narine.
  • Compotes, mousses and jellies - you can.
  • From sweets you can marmalade, honey, pastilles, candies, marshmallows.
  • Preference should be given to baked, stewed and boiled dishes.
  • Morning meal start with taking a small amount of fat (for example, butter): to stimulate the contraction of the gallbladder and the release of bile.
  • Try not to give preference to black tea, but to herbal teas with chamomile and mint. In this case, try to buy herbs in the pharmacy.

You can perform such breathing exercises:

  • lie on the floor, bending his knees;
  • make 10 breaths with the chest, controlling it with two hands, one of which lies on the stomach, the second - on the chest (the first hand should not move);
  • now you need 10 breaths-exhale belly; control is the same;
  • breathe a little in the usual rhythm until you have a rest;
  • inhale with a chest, then cross the air, not exhaling it, from the chest cavity to the abdominal cavity. Try to make about 10 such "rolls", after which you can relax.

Hazardous cleaning methods

On the Internet and printed literature, there are many recommendations on how to cleanse the liver with folk remedies. Here it is necessary to say that even if you decide to try some of them, consult your doctor beforehand about their appropriateness. We will give the most common, and rather dangerous methods.

Frequent enemas

The method itself is not bad, to eliminate constipation in the absence of organic pathology of the intestine. But it must be done with the knowledge of technology, that is - with cold water. A large amount of warm liquid injected into the rectum will inevitably suck in, which is dangerous by increasing the burden on the kidneys and heart and even developing the brain edema (the latter is a deadly complication).

With frequent enemas, in the absence of liver pathology, they can lead to dysbacteriosis, since water will wash all the healthy bacteria that are there from the intestine (see an enema with constipation ). Another danger of enema is a trauma of the rectal mucosa, which can lead (especially with hemorrhoids) to bleeding.


Urine is what happened after filtering your own blood with the kidneys. That is, it is a product that the body initially "discarded" as a spent one.


At the same time, the liver is not cleared, but is strained: in it, glycogen decays - the glucose depot, protein synthesis is broken, which causes the breakdown of its own protein. This leads to a change in the pH of the blood, and such a state, if it exists for a long time, disrupts the functioning of the endocrine glands, and this, in turn, leads to anorexia.

Dietary supplements

These are non-medicinal products, which are "attributed" to the properties of helping the liver to recover. But the actual composition of such additives is unknown, and "help" is doubtful. We would not advise you to use such "drugs".

Drinking large amounts of water

If the body is healthy, such a short-term effect can pass without a trace (but without benefit). But if there is a worsening of the kidneys' work or heart, this can cause an aggravation of their diseases, as they will have to cope with the increased volume of fluid.

Cholagogue methods are also not safe

Below are listed methods that have choleretic effect and are extremely dangerous in certain diseases and conditions of the body, namely:

  • Stones in the gallbladder (cholelithiasis), bile duct cancer, Fater's nipple of the gallbladder - conditions that cause obstructive jaundice
  • Acute hepatitis
  • Acute gastritis, stomach cancer, peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer
  • Liver Dystrophy
  • Pregnancy, threat of abortion
  • Esophageal narrowing, esophageal cancer, esophageal varicose veins
  • Acute or exacerbation of chronic cholecystitis
  • Broncho-pulmonary pathologies accompanied by dyspnoea
  • Hypertension in combination with the risk of stroke and other complications of vascular diseases.

None of these folk remedies should be used without consulting a doctor.

Tubage or "blind probing"

This technique, when on an empty stomach or at night, drink a certain amount of cholagogue (sorbitol, magnesium, butter, egg yolk), after which you need to lie on your right side and put under it a heating pad or a bottle of warm water . The head end of the bed should be raised. Lying so it should be at least half an hour. This method is dangerous:

  • перекрытием желчевыводящих путей сдвинувшимся (так как усилится отток желчи) камнем;
  • ухудшением состояния печеночной ткани, если она уже была нездорова;
  • повышенной работой поджелудочной железы, которая неразрывно связана с работой желчи;
  • обострением заболевания 12-перстной кишки, в которую попадает повышенное количество желчи, а вместе с ней и желудка.

Поэтому популярные ранее тюбажи на сегодняшний день признаны не безопасными, малоэффективными и уже не используются. Их заменили препараты производные урсодезоксихолевой кислоты, которые назначаются только врачом по строгим показаниям (Урсофальк, Урсосан, Урослив, Уродез, Урдокса см. препараты для лечения печени ).

«Чистка» лимонным соком и оливковым маслом

Обычно эти два средства применяют совместно, чтобы потенцировать желчегонный эффект. В результате сначала желчевыводящие пути, а затем под их действием кишечник начинают активно сокращаться. Из желчного пузыря в 12-перстную кишку поступает желчь с белком фибрином (показатель застоя) и небольшими конкрементами. Если там находился и камень побольше, он сдвинется, чем причинит сильную боль (желчную колику) и – если он самостоятельно выйти не сможет – даст возможность попасть на операционный стол.

Очищение отваром овса

Здесь предлагается замочить зерна овса, а через время отварить их и принимать постепенно. Этот продукт вызывает выброс большого количества желчи из желчного пузыря. Опустошение пузыря дает сигнал печени синтезировать еще большее количество желчи, что в условиях и без того высокой на нее нагрузки (чистку же обычно производят не просто так, а после обильных возлияний или перееданий) способно вызвать теперь уже структурное поражение печеночной ткани.

Такой овсяный отвар противопоказан при болезнях почек и сердца. Его нельзя принимать людям, страдающим непереносимостью злаков, так как это может привести к сильному поносу и ухудшению общего состояния.

«Очищение» травами

Народные целители предлагают «чистить» печень одной или несколькими травами, такими как:

Такое вмешательство вызывает усиленное сокращение желчного пузыря с выбросом большого количества желчи в 12-перстную кишку. Это вызывает рефлекс со стороны поджелудочной железы, которая должна произвести выброс ферментов. Много желчи – много ферментов – реактивный панкреатит (или обострение хронического). А если в желчном пузыре имеются камни, то с током желчи они могут сдвинуться и перекрыть желчевыводящие пути, что вызывает отравление организма желчными кислотами (вызывают сильный зуд) и билирубином (поражает мозг). Лечится такое состояние хирургическим методом.
Параллельно многие травы оказывают мочегонное действие , что не будет полезным при почечной патологии.

Использование лекарственных средств

Чаще всего советуют выбирать именно «Аллохол». Это препарат, усиливающий образование желчи. Он состоит из экстракта сухой желчи, чеснока, крапивы и активированного угля. Отлично справляется со своей задачей при состояниях, сопровождающихся застоем желчи в выводящих ее путях. Но препарат противопоказан при заболеваниях самой печени: гепатитах, печеночной дистрофии, так как будет заставлять и без того больной орган работать в усиленном режиме (тогда как ему нужен щадящий распорядок). Нельзя пить таблетки и в случае, если в желчном пузыре имеются камни: большой объем желчи точно сдвинет конкремент, и он закупорит тонкие трубочки, по которым она должна двигаться.

Чай для очистки печени

Действие такого чая – одновременно и усиление выработки желчи печенью, и ускорение ее выведения. В результате печень синтезирует большое количество желчи, которая поступает в неподготовленный к такому повороту событий кишечник. Последний может воспаляться.
Усиление работы печени не приводит к ее очистке, но, наоборот, к увеличению ее проблем, которые ранее могли компенсироваться. Так может пострадать и секреторная, и гормонсинтезирующая, и кровоостанавливающая функции печени.


Свекла, точнее, ее отвар – это мощный холеретик, увеличивающий синтез желчи печенью. Его прием приводит к описанным ранее эффектам: смещению конкремента, дисфункции печеночной ткани, реактивному панкреатиту, гастродуодениту, обострению язвенной болезни.


Отвар его плодов обладает желчегонным действием. К чему это приводит, можно прочитать на примере тюбажей, чая для очистки печени или приема масла.

Печеночный сбор

В нем находятся разные травы. Одни усиливают выработку желчи, вторые – ее выведение. В результате печень не отдыхает, а усиленно работает.

Надеемся, нам удалось воззвать к голосу вашего разума, чтобы вы отказались проводить процедуры с сомнительным названием «чистка». Хотя бы – без предварительного согласования с врачом, который оценит состояние вашей печени на настоящий момент.


  1. Какая хорошая и правильная статья! Люди, берегите себя и не занимайтесь варварскими методами самолечения печени! Дробное частое питание, табу на алкоголь, жирное- копченое- жареное, достаточный питьевой режим! И конечно гепатопротекторы — хорошего качества лецитин, урсодезоксихолиевой кислоты препараты (при доказанном билиарном сладже), препараты на основе расторопши пятнистой. Контроль биохимических показателей — АЛТ,АСТ, билирубин, щелочная фосфотаза, ггт, уровень холестерина и альбуминов. Будьте здоровы и помните что печень не любит такие эмоции как гнев и вспыльчивость!

  2. Очень познавательная, интересная статья. Получила ответы на многие вопросы.Благодарю!

  3. Случайно набрела на "сила здоровья". Классное изложение материала по любым болезням ( поднакопила, к сожалению). Всегда и везде много о них, и методах их лечения (народных, хороводных) читаю. Но в "сила здоровьяе" поразила лаконичность изложения:возможные причины болезни, виды обследования, лечение медикаментозное, народное , последствия неправильного лечения и т.д. Thanks for the info! Well done! Доброе просветительское дело делаете! Thanks again!

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